What is the best way to store produce – How to keep fruits and vegetables fresh?
If you’re like me, you probably loathe having to throw away fruits and vegetables that have long passed their prime and just cannot be consumed anymore. But what is the best way to store produce and enjoy it fresh and tasteful, without having to go to the grocers every day?
Read on to understand in a few easy tips why we should mind our fresh produce and how to always eat your fruits and vegetables at their best.
Let’s start with a few facts…
Fact – About one-third of the food produced in the world is wasted every year. That’s 1.6bn tons of produce per year, with a value of about $1tn.
Fact – American families throw away between 14 and 25 percent of the food and beverages they buy every year. This costs the average family between $1,365 and $2,275 per year.
Fact – Fresh produce starts to decay the minute it is picked. Some varieties only have a shelf life of a few days even if stored in optimum conditions.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are essential to a cleaner diet, but they come at a price. I find it very frustrating to discover that the gorgeous punnet of berries I bought just a couple of days ago has gone moldy. Or that the lettuce I was eager to toss in my salad has gone soggy…
If stored and cooked properly, fresh produce is a fantastic source of nutrients, fibers, and antioxidants. In a bid to save you money, make sure you make the most of your fruits and vegetables and reduce wastage on earth, here are 10 tips to:
– understand why fresh produce spoils,
– and see how to best store your fruits and vegetables for maximum goodness.
Tip 1 – First, a quick lesson in ripening:
Once picked, fruits and vegetables will carry on breathing for a while, between a few days and a few weeks. In the process, they will produce a gas called ethylene to speed up their ripening.
Some, however, produce more ethylene than others. Fruits tend to produce more ethylene than vegetables, hence the next tip:
Tip 2 – Always keep the fruits and the vegetables separate.
A lot of new fridges now boast two crispers (one high-humidity compartment and one low-humidity one). The difference is usually a vent that can be opened or closed: vegetables tend to want a higher-humidity environment than fruits.
Here’s a quick guide to which fresh produce you should keep where:
- High-Humidity crisper: for ethylene-sensitive vegetables, such as asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, citrus, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, greens (chard, spinach), lettuces, parsley, peppers, squash, and sweet potatoes, and ethylene-sensitive fruits, such as citrus and berries.
- Low-Humidity crisper: for ethylene-producing fruits, such as apples, apricots, avocados, ripe bananas, cantaloupes, figs, honeydew melons, kiwis, nectarines, papayas, peaches, pears, and plums.
If your fridge only has one crisper, it will be by default a high-humidity one, better suited for vegetables.
Tip 3 – Washing your produce.
Even if you buy all your fruits and vegetables organic, they will have traces of soil, pesticides, and residues that you’ll want to wash off before consuming.
[Some will be more polluted than other, check this post on the Dirty dozen to know which ones]
Most produce will do best stored unwashed until you’re ready to eat them, as the moisture will speed up their decay. If you wash your fruits and vegetables first, then store them, make sure to dry them thoroughly before storing.
No need for detergent here, wash them off under running water, scrubbing hard vegetables with a brush if need be. “Polish” the fruits covered in a waxy substance with a cloth after washing.
For leafy greens and lettuces, dip the leaves in a bowl of water and gently shake to let the soil fall at the bottom. Then lift, shake dry and use.
Tip 4 – Always separate your produce from meat and dairy
Meat and dairy can carry harmful pathogens. You might eat some of the fruits and vegetables raw or only lightly cooked. It is therefore crucial to avoid any contact with your meat and your dairy products.
The meat drawer is typically located at the bottom of your fridge to avoid contamination of the other products through dripping.
Tip 5 – Fruits and vegetables to keep in the refrigerator
See the full list given above in Tip 2. Place in the fridge as soon as possible after purchasing, unwashed. Make sure to separate the ethylene-producing varieties from the ethylene-sensitive ones (see Tip 2).
Vegetables will do better in ventilated packaging and not packed too tight. Make sure that their bags have got holes in it, and that they have space to breathe.
The best temperature of your fridge should be less than 5°C, so it’s cold enough to slow down the ripening process.
Tip 6 – Fresh produce to leave at room temperature…
…to ripen, then move to the fridge if need be.
The following fruits (or veggies?) will benefit from staying at room temperature for a while to ripen, and will then be placed at a colder temperature in your fridge to stop the ripening.
The benefits are two-fold:
- You save the fridge for your fast-ripening produce that needs to be eaten first, making sure you eat produce at its best throughout the week,
- You save on energy by not needing to put all your produce in the fridge at once.
Avocados – once soft near the stalk end, they will keep for a few days longer in the fridge.
If you need them to ripen faster, you can wrap them in a newspaper or place them in a brown paper bag at room temperature.
Tomatoes – these will do best kept at room temperature until fully ripe. If kept in the fridge, they tend to lose their flavor and texture.
Tree fruits (peaches, nectarines, pears, apples etc.). These you can keep these at room temperature until they ripen and reach their peak flavor.
Tip 7 – Cutting speeds up the decaying process…
…so it’s best to keep your fruits and vegetable whole until the last minute.
The minute you cut a fruit or a vegetable, it will go into “auto-destruction mode” and activate some enzymes that will speed up the spoiling process. Hence apples or peaches going brown shortly after being cut. So it is far better to keep your fresh produce whole, and only peel them and/or cut them right before you need them.
Tip 8 – If you can’t eat it fresh before it’s past its prime, freeze it or juice it!
Although freezing is likely to affect the texture of the fruits and vegetables, it will preserve its flavor, color and a fair amount of nutrients.
It’s actually a great way to:
- avoid having to toss the fresh produce that you won’t be able to eat in time,
- preserve your fresh bounty for later, when the fruit or vegetable will not be in season and readily available.
Depending on what you need to freeze, you might need to blanch your produce to keep the flavor. Check first what freezing technique is required for your fruits or vegetables, to make you enjoy your produce later on.
Juicing or blending also allows you to make the most of your fruits and vegetable, even if you don’t have time to prepare and cook it.
Tip 9 – Buy from local growers to get the longest shelf-life.
This is valid for just about every fruit and vegetable out there: the longer it has to travel, the more it will be handled and the longer it will be stored. All of which will affect its shelf-life.
Imported produce is usually picked green, and will have to ripen during transit and storage. They will also be lacking the optimum conditions to do so, like natural sunlight.
Locally grown produce have less to travel, and, even if bought from your local supermarket, are more likely to have been picked closer to their prime. They will have also undergone less handling. Of course, your local market or pick-your-own trips are even better.
Tip 10 – Buy your products at different stages of ripening.
For example, instead of picking all your avocados ripe, pick:
- a few to eat now (soft to gentle pressure on top and bottom),
- some to eat in a couple days (soft near the bottom, but still quite firm near the stalk), and
- a couple to eat in a week’s time (firm all round).
Or ripen some fruits at room temperature, but move some in the fridge to slow down the ripening process.
So here we go,
10 easy tips to help you get more goodness out of your fruits and vegetables, save money and help reduce global waste in the process.
What’s your tip to make the most of your perishables? Please share it with us below.
And if you need some help with your grocery shopping trip for clean food, check this post.